Low growing Fragrant Sumac

Photo/Illustration: Karen

I was introduced to `Gro-Low' fragrant sumac (Rhus aromatica `Gro-Low'), a rugged, low-growing native shrub that's edging the driveway in the picture at right, while working as a propagator for a large nursery outside of Chicago the year after graduating from college. Over the course of several hot, sultry days in the middle of July, my crew and I collected tens of thousands, eight to ten inch-long softwood cuttings of this plant from locations scattered throughout the western suburbs of Chicago.

Introduced by Synnesvedt Nursery of Glenville, Illinois, this ground-covering shrub has been planted by the hundreds, and sometimes by the thousands, in office parks and along highways throughout the Midwest for decades because if its ease of establishment, fast growth, and durability.

Its shiny, mint-green, pest-resistant leaves, above left, aren't affected by intense summer drought, heat and humidity that's common throughout the Midwest. In fact, the hotter, drier and sunnier the site, the better this plant tends to grow! Then, in October, it's leaves turn brilliant reddish-orange, at right, to scarlet, below left.

Once established, this shrub can put on the better part of a foot of growth a year - ultimately reaching a mature size of two to three feet tall by eight to ten feet wide. And, to put your mind at ease, this plant is not a rampant invader like Staghorn sumac (Rhus typhina).

Because its flowers and fruit are of little ornamental value, this plant is best used in masses on steep slopes and/or along driveways, streets and roads - places where its always difficult to maintain a nice lawn because of dry soils, road salt and damage from snowplows.

If it does get crushed by deep piles of snow, or broken down by a snow plow, simply shear or mow it back to three inches from the ground - and don't bother trying to pick up the clippings. By mid-summer, the damaged plants will have completely recovered after putting out a new flush of growth!

In these settings, combine masses of this plant with others having bright yellow (, bluestars, etc.) or gray-green fall foliage (catmint) that tolerate similar conditions for an eye-catching tapestry of color and texture!

Part 2

2012-11-13 08:39:45 by Nurseryman75

In North America, the Smooth Sumac (R. glabra) and the Staghorn Sumac (R. typhina) are sometimes used to make a beverage termed "sumac-ade," "Indian lemonade" or "rhus juice". This drink is made by soaking the drupes in cool water, rubbing them to extract the essence, straining the liquid through a cotton cloth and sweetening it. Native Americans also used the leaves and drupes of the Smooth and Staghorn Sumacs combined with tobacco in traditional smoking mixtures.
Species including the Fragrant Sumac (R. aromatica), the Littleleaf Sumac (R. microphylla), the Skunkbush Sumac (R. trilobata), the Smooth Sumac and the Staghorn Sumac are grown for ornament, either as the wild types or as cultivars

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