Herbaceous peony Propagation

Propagating your own peonies can be fun!

Tree peonies are usually propagated by grafting while herbaceous and Itoh peonies are usually propagated by root division. New peonies come from seed.

Peonies do not come true from seed (the only exception being large populations of species peonies that are isolated from other peonies) so each seedling is something new.

If you wish to multiply one of your prized herbaceous peonies your only real option is to divide it, or graft it if it is a tree peony.

If you are looking to create new varieties of peonies you will need to germinate seeds to find out what has been created.

The techniques below are the ones I use on my own peonies.

Crown Division

Crown division is the technique most used to propagate herbaceous and Itoh peonies. It should be done only in the early fall. The technique is as follows:

  • In late August, early September cut down foliage of peony to be divided
  • If ground is very dry, water the plant the day before dividing
  • Dig plant up with a strong spade, taking as much of the root system as possible and being careful not to damage the crown
  • Wash soil from roots with a strong jet of water
  • Leave cleaned root system in the shade for several hours to soften it (this makes it less brittle and gives you more precision when cutting)
  • Examine the plant carefully and plan your cuts
  • Each division must have at least one visible crown bud to grow. irst cut through the top of the crown being careful to cut down toward the work bench and away from yourself.
  • If the plant has long tuberous roots it may make the process easier if the roots are trimmed back to between 6-8 inches from the crown
  • Continue to divide the plant until you have the desired number of divisions

The new divisions can be stored in peat moss filled bags for several days as long as they are not subject to large swings in temperature.


ProQuest, UMI Dissertation Publishing Container production and post-harvest handling of lotus (Nelumbo) and micropropagation of herbaceous peony (Paeonia).
Book (ProQuest, UMI Dissertation Publishing)

Peony farm in San Jose

2006-06-06 13:38:33 by 4peonies

If you live in the bay area, I grow over 120 varieties of herbaceous and tree peonies and they can be purchased in 5 gallon containers all year round at the farm. The roots are 2-4 years old. They can also be mail ordered if out of the bay area and shipped in the fall. Visit my web site 4irises.com and see the varieties that I grow. Visitors are always welcome and the peonies are in full bloom right now.


Peonies in pots

2006-06-06 13:30:48 by 4peonies

Peonies can very well be planted in pots but do need full sun except tree peonies that could do with part sun. Peonies can bloom in the bay area very well if planted with the top eyes at the surface level. The main reason that peonies fail to bloom is that they are planted too deeply. I grow over 120 varieties of tree and herbaceous peonies in San Jose. I sell them with at least 5 eyes in 5 gallon containers all year round. See my web site 4irises.com


Peonies from Costco?

2005-01-15 20:53:46 by greedynot

I have not been able to get herbaceous peonies to bloom. Its just not cold enough in much of the area. Where are you in the Bay Area? This is an exceptionally cold year and I am hoping again! You can try the tree peony or herbceous peonies with blooms on them in the spring. But I doubt if you can get the herbaceous ones to bloom the following year though.
Btw, its good to plant the dormant plants and allow the roots to grow before the top does. Maybe March would be a good time. But don't plant if its too wet.


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