Herbaceous plants Definition Biology

Woody stem plants include

Theophrastus (about 370 - 285 B.C.) is often called the "Father of Botany." He was a Greek philosopher and naturalist, and pupil of Aristotle. He was the first person to publish an organized classification of Plants. In his Enquiry into Plants he described 480 plants, mostly cultivated, and classified or arranged them into four groups:

1. Herbs (these were further grouped into annuals, biennials, and perennials)
2. Undershrubs
3. Shrubs
4. Trees

A Woody plant is a perennial tree or shrub. The stem remains above ground during the winter. About 50 % of the plants in the world are woody plants.

Dendrology is a Forestry term used to describe the study of trees. Silviculture or silvics is a forestry term used to describe the culture or growing of forest trees.

Woody perennials can be divided into three main types:

1. Arborescent = Woody and tree-like in size, usually with a single main trunk or stem. Some people define a tree as anything over 10 feet tall.

2. Shrubby or fruticose = Woody throughout and large, usually with several main stems.

3. Suffrutescent = A semi-shrub. A perennial plant with stems only woody at the base. The woody stems only partially die back each year. Ex. Paeonia suffruticosa.

Herbaceous Plants are often divided into three types:

1. Annuals = Plants that complete their life cycle in one year. They grow from seed, produce foliage, flower, and produce fruits and seed in one season. Remember, many perennials that are not winter hardy are grown as annuals. Sometimes these are called horticultural annuals.

2. Biennials = Plants that live for two years from seed. They flower only or mostly in the second year. Alcea rosea or Hollyhock is a biennial, as is Daucus carota, the carrot. Some perennials are short lived and resemble biennials in cultivation. Also, some biennials are cold treated or otherwise manipulated so that they appear as annuals. The common Pansy, Viola x wittrockiana, is often planted in the fall and flowers in late winter or spring.

3. Herbaceous Perennials = Plants that live for 3 years or more. Some perennials are short lived, others will grow well for many years. If grown from seed, many should flower in the following season.


Literary Licensing, LLC Hardy Herbaceous Plants
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Info on Talinum

2003-07-03 13:22:27 by pro

Information I gleaned from the USDA plant database: plants.usda.gov/index.html Enter Scientific Name as Talinum
Talinum Adans. - gives you all varieties and maps of where they are present - click on a map to get information for that variety
- Talinum calycinum or parviflorum - most common varieties present in the central states from Texas to Minnesota/Nebraska.
- all varieties native to U.S.
Some common names:
Fameflower
Sunbright
Jewels of Opar (not common but a cool name, no?)
- Herbaceous Perennial, Shrub or Subshrub
- Native to the United States
- Talinum calycinum had a botanical illustration which showed a rhizhome (like an iris)
- Purslane family like Lewisia and Portulaca
- I doubt it is invasive. As a...


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DALY: Use care when planting around septic drainfields  — Gwinnettdailypost.com
Shallow rooted annual and perennial herbaceous plants can be planted closer to the drain fields since they do not have invasive roots. Turfgrass can be grown over the drain field and is beneficial since it helps hold the soil in place.

Kessinger Publishing, LLC A Catalogue Of Forest Trees, Fruit Trees, Evergreen And Flowering Shrubs, Greenhouse And Herbaceous Plants (1812)
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