Different herbaceous stems woody stems

Their woody stems remain

We investigated the effect of water stress on the root system architecture of pine saplings and pea seedlings during the first stage of development. Attention was focused on meristematic tissue situated at the root tip because of the leading role played by the tissue in the planning of root system architecture. The data showed that both species are extremely sensitive and that plants arrest their growth immediately during water stress treatment. When stress treatment was not intense, both species recovered growth but presented modifications in the root system architecture. In pine saplings, the modification in root system architecture was the consequence of fine root meristems not recovering from water stress. The saplings survived by producing new lateral meristems from the cortical tannin zone above the fine root tip. In the case of pea seedlings, the meristematic tissues in the primary root arrested proliferation during water stress although they recovered when the event occurred during the first hours of germination. The response was different when water stress was enforced on older seedlings. In this case, root meristems never completely recovered their proliferation despite the increase in proline content observed in the cells. The modification of root system architecture in pea seedlings depended on the arrest of primary root elongation and the formation of new root laterals. As regards the primary roots, water stress treatment induced along the axis the formation of irregular ‘swellings’ in the cortical zone above the meristematic zone. Anatomical investigations suggested that such swellings may have derived from the changes in elongation direction of derivatives. The formation of new laterals was observed in hydroponic cultures when water stress treatment was enforced slowly and prolonged for a long time. The production of new lateral meristems may have been a similar response of woody and herbaceous plants to water stress conditions. It is not known whether these new meristems present characteristics of resistance to water stress.


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DALY: Use care when planting around septic drainfields  — Gwinnettdailypost.com
Shallow rooted annual and perennial herbaceous plants can be planted closer to the drain fields since they do not have invasive roots. Turfgrass can be grown over the drain field and is beneficial since it helps hold the soil in place.

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