Propagation Methods from Herbaceous STEM cuttings

Cuttings are the most commonly used asexual propagation method in the horticulture industry. They are the vegetative plant portions such as stem, leaves and roots taken from plants to produce new independent plant which is most cases will be identical with the parent plant.

Cuttings

i) Root cuttings

Root pieces of 2-4” long are planted horizontally at 1” to 2” depth. Eg. Bread fruit, Crab apple, black berry, Rasp berry.

ii) Stem cuttings

1. Stem-tip (Terminal cuttings) – tip of the stem is cut and used to produce a seedling.

2. Stem- Section cuttings – stem material containing at least one bud are used for planting.

a. Hard wood cuttings (Deciduous)

Most of the fruit plants are propagated by hard wood cuttings. Stem is fully matured with more reserve food. Cuttings are prepared during dormancy, wood from previous season growth. Two year old wood are still older woods can be used in Fig, Olive and in certain plum varieties. E.g. Mulberry, grape, goose berry, pomegranate and rose (Rosa multiflora).

Cuttings should be taken from healthy plants of 15 – 30 cm length, at least with 2 -3 nodes. Minimum of 2 nodes in a cutting basal cut is just below a node and top cut ½ to 1” above the node. Bundle the cuttings buried in sandy soil or stored in a refrigerated rooms before planting in spring.

Ever green Hard Wood cuttings

Grapes, Pomegranate and some citrus are propagated through hard woods. Length ranged from 4-7”with 5-6 nodes cuttings taken during late winter. Spring is good season for planting.

b. Semi Hard Wood cuttings

Stem cuttings taken from current season shoots which are partly matured are known as semi hard wood. They have less reserve food. Length from 3 to 6”. Here we can retain 1 or 2 terminal leaves. E.g. Ornamental shrubs like Crotons, Eranthemum, Hibiscus, Duranta.

c. Soft wood cuttings

Cuttings prepared from the soft succulent, new growth may be called as soft wood cuttings. 3-6” length. E.g. Hibiscus, Jasmine. Soft wood cuttings root easier and quicker than the other types but require more attention.

d. Herbaceous cuttings

Cuttings made from succulent herbaceous plant just near the terminal buds. These will root relatively in a shorter period under proper condition. E.g. Geranium, Coleus, alternanthera, sweet potato. Length of cuttings must be 3-5” with leaves.

iii) Leaf cuttings

A whole leaf or part of it is detached and used to raise a new plant. Leaf blades are utilized in generating a new plant. Adventitious roots and adventitious shoot form at the base of the leaf. E.g. Sansevieria, Begonia, Bryophyllum.


Many phases of propagation

2009-07-01 10:34:10 by AnitaMoPlants

You were correct in eliminating some of the leaf surface and making a shallow wound in the base of the stem.
For soft wood stem cuttings one usually makes a clean cut just below a node in the stem and then a one inch sliced wound .
You may not have lost the plant. Roots may form this autumn.
The leaves may have fallen from drying out or perhaps a fungus formed in the soil
With evergreen leaf cuttings I sometimes will put plastic over the cuttings to keep the humidity up .
Environmental control such as stress, too much water, not enough light or a soil fungus appearance are all plausible reasons for the leaf drop


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